Heritability and Combining Ability of Some Vegetative and Yield Characteristics of Promising Arabica Coffee Varieties in Indonesia

Main Article Content

Ari Wibowo
Miftahur Rizqi Akbar
Ucu Sumirat


Breeding for high yielding and good quality arabica coffee is the direction of the coffee breeding program in Indonesia. Hybridization becomes the important step to select promising genotypes from the genetic variability to achieve those goals. This research aimed to study heritability and combining ability of vegetative and yield characteristics of arabica coffee offspring. This research was conducted in randomized complete block design with three replications at Andungsari Experimental Station, East Java. The materials consisted of five parents of arabica coffee namely BP 542A(P1), P88(P2), S795(P3), HDT(P4), GEISHA(P5), and ten F1 hybrids as the offspring. The results showed that the narrow-sense heritability of leaf width was categorized as high. P3 and P5 varieties had the highest general combining ability (GCA) value for internode length, cluster number, and cherries number. These results indicated that both parental lines had potential as parents for the breeding program. The highest value of specific combining ability (SCA) for cherry size and leaf size was shown in crossing combination of P1×P3 and P2×P3. While, the crossing combination of P3×P4 showed the highest SCA value for cluster number, internode length, and cherries number per branch. From this crossing combination, high yielding promising lines can be obtained.

Article Details

How to Cite
Wibowo, A., Akbar, M., & Sumirat, U. (2022). Heritability and Combining Ability of Some Vegetative and Yield Characteristics of Promising Arabica Coffee Varieties in Indonesia. Pelita Perkebunan (a Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal), 38(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.22302/iccri.jur.pelitaperkebunan.v38i1.484


Athanasiadis, G.; D. Speed; M.K. Andersen; E.V.R. Appel; N. Grarup; I. Brandslund; M.E. Jorgensen; C.V.L. Larsen; P. Bjerregaard; T. Hansen & A. Albrechtsen (2020). Estimating narrow-sense heritability using family data from admixed populations. Heredity, 124(6), 751 – 762.
Ayano, A.; S. Alamirew & A. Tesfaye (2015). Heterosis and combining ability of fruit and bean characters in Ethiopian origin coffee (Coffea arabica L.) hybrids. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 5(11), 203 – 213.
[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik (2021). Kecamatan Pakem Dalam Angka, Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Bondowoso. BPS Kabupaten Bondowoso. Bondowoso, Indonesia.
Bautista, A.H.; R.L. Ortiz; J.J.G. Zavala; J.L.C. Servia; J.A.M. Contreras & J.A.G. Velazquez (2018). Breeding potential of raspberry primocane selections based on their combining abilities. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 98(1), 28 – 37.
Bhandari, H.R.; K. Srivastava & G.E. Reddy (2017). Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for yield traits in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 6(7), 4131 – 4138.
Budiyanti, T.; D. Fatria & Noflindawati (2017). Analisis dialel karakter ukuran buah papaya menggunakan metode I dan II griffing. Informatika Pertanian, 26(2), 111 – 120.
El-Satar, M.A.A. (2017). Genetic analysis of half diallel matting with different methods and their comparisons for yield and its associated traits in sunflower under saline soil stress conditions. Helia, 40(66), 85 – 114.
Evans, L.M.; R. Tahmasbi; M. Jones; S.I. Vrieze; G.R. Abecasis; S. Das; D.W. Bjelland; T.R. Candia; J. Yang; M.E. Goddard; P.M. Visscher; M.C. Keller & H.R. Consortium (2018). Narrow-sense heritability estimation of complex traits using identify by descent information. Heredity, 121(6), 616 – 630.
Fasahat, P.; A. Rajabi; J.M. Rad & J. Derera (2016). Principles and utilization of combining ability in plant breeding. Biometrics & Biostatistics International Journal, 4(1), 1 – 22.
Giles, J.A.D.; F.L. Partelli; A. Ferreira; J.P. Rodrigues; G. Oliosi & F.H.L.E. Silva (2018). Genetic diversity of promising ‘conilon’ coffee clones based on morpho-agronomic variables. Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences, 90(2), 2437 – 2446.
Gowda, M.; C.F.H. Longin; V. Lein & J.C. Reif (2012). Relevance of specific versus general combining ability in winter wheat. Crop Science, 52(6), 2494 – 2500.
Griffing, B. (1956). Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel crossing systems. Australian Journal of Biological Sciences, 9, 463 – 493.
Han, Y.; K. Wang; Z. Liu; S. Pan; X. Zhao; Q. Zhang & S. Wang (2020). Research on hybrid crop breeding information management system based on combining ability analysis. Sustainability, 12(12), 1 – 16.
Idol, T.W. & A.H. Youkhana (2019). A rapid visual estimation of fruits per lateral to predict coffee yield in Hawaii. Agroforestry Systems, 94(1), 81-93.
Iriany, R.N.; S. Sujiprihati; M. Syukur; J. Koswara & M. Yunus (2011). Evaluasi daya gabung dan heterosis lima galur jagung manis (Zea mays var saccharate) hasil persilangan dialel. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia, 39(2), 103 – 111.
Islam, M.S.; H.C. Mohanta; M.R. Ismail; M.Y. Rafii & M.A. Malek (2012). Genetic variability and trait relationship in cherry tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. var. cerasiforme (Dunnal) A. Gray). Bangladesh Journal of Botany, 41(2), 163 – 167.
Marcon, F.; E.J. Martinez; A.L. Zilli; G.R. Rodeiguez; E.A. Brugnoli & C.A. Acuna (2020). Recurrent phenotypic selection and recurrent selection based on combining ability in tetraploid bahiagrass. Crop Science, 60(3), 1386 – 1397.
Muvunyi, B.P.; P.Y.K. Sallah; L. Dusengemungu & J. Zhang (2017). Assessment of genetic diversity of coffee accessions in Rwanda and its implication for coffee breeding. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 8(10), 2461 – 2473.
Saputra, H.E.; M. Syukur & S.I. Aisyah (2014). Pendugaan daya gabung dan heritabilitas komponen hasil tomat pada persilangan dialel penuh. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia, 42(3), 203 – 209.
Singh, R.K. & B.D. Chaudhary (1979). Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis. Kalyani. New Delhi, India.
Sumirat, U. (2008). Dampak kemarau panjang terhadap perubahan sifat biji kopi Robusta (Coffea canephora). Pelita Perkebunan, 24(2), 80 – 94.
Teodoro, L.P.R.; L.L. Bhering; B.E.L. Gomes; C.N.S. Campos; F.H.R. Baio; R. Gava; C.A.S. Junior & P.E. Teodoro (2019). Understanding the combining ability for physiological traits in soybean. PLoS ONE, 14(12), 1 – 13.
Wibowo, A. (2019). Potensi dan tantangan kopi di era milenial. Warta Pusat Penelitian Kopi dan Kakao Indonesia, 31(2), 16 – 23.
Zhang, X.; L. Lv; C. Lv; B. Guo & R. Xu (2015). Combining ability of different agronomic traits and yield components in hybrid barley. PLoS ONE, 10(6), 1 – 9.