Dry Matter Yield and Nutrient Uptakes of Arabica Coffee Seedlings as Influenced by Lime and Coffee Husk Compost Amendments at Western Ethiopia

Main Article Content

Bikila Takala Dibaba


Nursery experiment was conducted at Haru Agricultural Research Sub Center (HARSC) of Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Western Ethiopia, to investigate dry matter yield and its nutrient uptake of Arabica coffee seedlings under different lime and coffee husk compost rates and establish optimum combination of theseagricul tural inputs that produce seedlings with better dry matter yield for field planting. The experiment was laid out in a factorial experiment arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications. The treatments included four levels of lime (0, 1.6, 3.2 and 4.8 t ha-1) and coffee husk compost (0, 5, 10 and 15 t ha-1). Nutrient uptake and dry matter yield data of coffee seedlings were collected and subjected to analysis of variance using SAS package and treatment means were compared at 0.05 probability using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test. The results revealed that lime and coffee husk compost rates significantly (P< 0.01) affected NPK uptake and total dry matter yield of coffee seedlings. The highest NPK uptake and total dry matter yield of coffee seedling were obtained from the application of 15 t.ha-1 coffee husk compost and combined lime and coffee husk compost at the modest levels of 3.2 t.ha-1 lime and 10 t.ha-1 coffee husk compost with a nonsignificant variation. From the study, it can be concluded that application of 15 t.ha-1 coffeehusk compost or combining 10 t.ha-1 of coffee husk compost and 3.2 t.ha-1 of agricultural lime could be a promising alternative amendment for acid soil management and production of vigorous coffee seedlings with high nutrient uptake and high dry matter yield in HARSC areas.

Article Details

How to Cite
Dibaba, B. (2021). Dry Matter Yield and Nutrient Uptakes of Arabica Coffee Seedlings as Influenced by Lime and Coffee Husk Compost Amendments at Western Ethiopia. Pelita Perkebunan (a Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal), 37(2), 97-106. https://doi.org/10.22302/iccri.jur.pelitaperkebunan.v37i2.468
Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

    1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
    1. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
    1. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


Ahmad R., A. Naseer, Z.A. Zahir, M. Arshad, T. Sultan, M.A. Ullah, 2006. Integrated use of recycled organic waste and chemical fertilizers for improving maize yield. Int J Agric Biol, 8(6):840–843
Ano, A. O., and C. I. Ubochi, 2007. Neutralization of Soil Acidity by Animal Manures : Mechanism of Reaction. African Journal of Biotechnology, 6 (4):364-368.
Anteneh Netsere, Taye Kufa, Tesfaye Shimber. 2015. Review of Arabica Coffee Management Research in Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 5 (13):235-258
Anteneh Netsere.2015. Response of Coffee (Coffea arabica L.) Seedlings to Lime and Phosphorus Mineral Fertilizer at Jimma, Southwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 5(13):27-32
Central Stastical Agency (CSA).2016. Report on Area and Production of Major Crops (Private Peasant Holdings, 2016/17 Meher Season). Central Stastical Agency, Ethiopia. Volume I
Chemura, A., 2014. The growth response of coffee (Coffea arabica L) plants to organic manure, inorganic fertilizers and integrated soil fertility management under different irrigation water supply levels. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agricult, 3(59): 1-9.
Cyamweshi R. A., N.L. Nabahungu, A. Mukashema, V. Ruganzu, M.C. Gatarayiha, A. Nduwumuremyi and J.J. Mbonigaba, 2014. Enhancing nutrient availability and coffee yield on acid soils of the central plateau of southern Rwanda. Global Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(2): 44-55.
Dzung, N. A., T. T. Dzung and V.T.P. Khanh, 2013. Evaluation of Compost for Improving Soil Fertility and Sustainable Coffee Production in Rural Central Highland of Vietnam. Resources and Environment, 3(4): 77-82
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) 2015. Crop research technology recommendations. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.183pp
Eyasu Elias, 2016.Soil of Ethiopian Highlands: Geomorphology and properties.CASCAPE Project, ALTERA, Wageningen University and Research Centre (Wageningen UR). The Netherlands.385pp
Fageria, N. K, 2009. The Use of Nutrients in Crop Plants. CRC Press, New York. 430pp
Fageria, N.K. and V.C. Baligar, 2003. Fertility management of tropical acid soils for sustainable crop production, 359 - 385. In: Z. Rengel, Editor, Hand book of soil acidity. University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
Fageria, N.K. and V.C. Baligar, 2008. Ameliorating soil acidity of tropical oxisols by liming for sustainable crop production. Advance in Agronomy, 99: 345 - 400.
Gezahegne Barecha, Fikre Lamessa and Mulatu Wakjira.2011. Exploring the suitability of coffee pulp compost as growth media substitute in greenhouse production. Int J Ag-ric Res., 6(3):255-267
Gitari, H.I., 2013. Lime and Manure Application to Acid Soils and their Effects on Bio-Chemical Soil Properties and Maize Performance at Kavutiri-Embu County (Doctoral dissertation, Kenyatta University).75pp.
Gray, Q., A. Tefera and T. Tefera, 2013. Ethiopia: Coffee annual report. GAIN Report No. ET-1302, GAIN Report Assessment of Commodity and Trade by USDA, USA.
Henok Kassa and Tenaw Workayehu.2014.Evaluation of some additives on coffee residue (coffee husk and pulp) quality as compost, southern Ethiopia. International Invention Journal of Agricultural and Soil Science, 2(2):14-21
Ibiremo, O. S., and Akanbi, O. S. O.,2016.Soil Properties and Nutrient Uptake of Coffee Seedlings as Influenced by NPK Fertilizer Formulations in Ibadan, Southwest, Nigeria. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology, 12(3): 1-8.
Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) 1996. Recommended production technologies for coffee and associated crops. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.17pp
Jackson, M. L., 1958. Soil Chemical Analysis. Englewood Clifs, N. J., Prentice Hall. 498pp.
Kamprath, E.J. 1984. Crop response to lime on soils in the humid tropics. 348-368 In Adams, RE. (ed.), Soil acidity and liming. Agronomy. Amer. Soc. of Agron, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
Kasongo R. K., A. Verdoodt, P. Kanyankagote, G. Baert, and E. Van Ranst. 2011. Coffee Waste as an Alternative Fertilizer with Soil Improving Properties for Sandy Soils in Humid Tropical Environments. Soil Use and Management, 27: 94–102
Kasongo, R. K., A. Verdoodt, P. Kanyankogote, G. Baert, &E.Van Ranst. 2013. Response of Italian Ryegrass (Lolium Multiflorum Lam.) to Coffee Waste Application on a Humid Tropical Sandy Soil. Soil Use and Management, 29: 22–29
Melke Abayneh and Fisseha Ittana. 2015. Nutritional Requirement and Management of Arabica Coffee (Coffea arabica L.) in Ethiopia : National and Global Perspectives. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 5 (5): 400-418
Nduka, B.A., D. B. Adewale, O.S.O. Akanbi, and K. B. Adejobi. 2015. Nursery Soil Amendments for Cashew Seedling Production : A Comparative Analysis of Coffee Husk and NPK. Journal of Agricultural Science, 7(3):111-122
Patricia, F., 2011. The Coffee Exporter's Guide. 3rd eds., International Trade Centre, Geneva. 247pp.
Paulos Dubale. 1994. Ecology and soils of major coffee growing regions of Ethiopia. In Mineral Fertilization of Coffee in Ethiopia (Paulos Dubale, ed.). Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
SAS Institute Inc.2011.SAS®9.3 Macro Language: Reference. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc.
Solomon Endris, Tesfu Kebede, Tesfaye Yaekob, Yared Kassahun and Jafar Dawid.2008. The Challenges and Opportunities of Organic Fertilizers in Coffee.226-233. In: Coffee Diversity and Knowledge (Girma Adugna; Bayetta Belachew; Tesfaye Shimber; Endale Taye. and Taye Kufa. ed.).Proceedings of National Workshop Four Decades of Coffee Research and Development in Ethiopia, 14-17 August 2007, Addis Ababa (Ghion hotel), Ethiopia.
Solomon Endris.2006.Accelerated composting of coffee processing by products: an organic option for soil fertility management in the coffee based cropping system of south western Ethiopia. Proceeding of 21st International scientific conference on coffee science (ASIC), Montpelier, France, pp 1084-1089.
Taye Kufa.1998. Response of Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L.) to various soil fertility management. Thesis presented to the school of graduate studies Haramaya University of Agriculture. In partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree master of science in agriculture (agronomy), Haramaya, Ethiopia.137pp
Yacob Edjamo, Tesfaye Shimber, Alemseged Yilma, Anteneh Netsere, Takele Negewo, Mohammednur Abachebsa and Bekele Bogale. 1996. Advances in coffee agronomy research in Ethiopia. p. 40-45. In Proceedings of Inter Africa Coffee organization (IACO) Workshop, 4-6 September 1995, Kampala, Uganda.
Zebene Mikru and Wondwosen Tena.2008.Potentials and Constraints of Nitisols and Acrisols.209-216. In: Coffee Diversity and Knowledge (Girma Adugna; Bayetta Belachew; Tesfaye Shimber; Endale Taye and Taye Kufa eds.).Proceedings of National Workshop Four Decades of Coffee Research and Development in Ethiopia, 14-17 August 2007, Addis Ababa (Ghion hotel), Ethiopia.
Zelalem Bekeko. 2013. Effect of maize Stover application as soil mulch on yield of Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica L., Rubiaceae) at Western Hararghe Zone, Eastern Ethiopia. Sustainable Agric. Res., 2: 15-21.